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mercoledì 11 novembre 2015


GREENPEACE: Indonesia, dopo i roghi foreste arrivano le piantagioni di Olio di Palma


Greenpeace diffonde nuovi foto e video che mostrano il recente impianto di piantagioni di palma da olio al posto delle foreste torbiere distrutte dagli incendi che divampano da settimane nella regione Kalimantan. Il video inoltre mostra l’impatto degli incendi sulla popolazione degli ultimi oranghi del Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Sanctuary.  Greenpeace chiede al governo indonesiano di impedire che si possa trarre profitto dalla distruzione delle foreste e dalla conseguente emergenza ambientale e sanitaria provocata dagli incendi, dal fumo e dalle ceneri che soffocano la regione.  Dopo settimane di emergenza roghi, diventa sempre più grave il rifiuto del governo indonesiano di rendere pubbliche le mappe aggiornate che mostrino i siti di produzione di olio di palma e le concessioni forestali a norma, con dati relativi alla perdita di copertura arborea e foreste primarie. Questa inaccettabile posizione è inoltre accompagnata da fatti gravi, come l’incendio sospetto che la settimana scorsa ha distrutto gli archivi cartacei del Dipartimento delle Finanze del governo del Kalimantan. Tutto ciò determina l’impossibilità di definire con esattezza il danno reale che gli incendi stanno provocando e fare chiarezza sulla legalità delle piantagioni di palma da olio. A riprova di ciò, il mese scorso la Commissione anti-corruzione ha riferito che, negli ultimi dieci anni, la deforestazione illegale è costata all’Indonesia nove miliardi di dollari in royalties del legno perdute.  «Questi incendi sono uno dei peggiori disastri che abbiano mai colpito il Paese: è impensabile che sia consentito trarre profitto da una tale crisi. Il Presidente indonesiano Joko Widodo deve impegnarsi urgentemente nel ripristino delle foreste distrutte, impedendo che altre palme da olio vengano piantate», afferma Martina Borghi, campaigner Foreste di Greenpeace Italia. Un portavoce dell’Associazione Indonesiana di Produttori di Olio di Palma ha dichiarato che l’industria dell’olio di palma è vittima di una campagna diffamatoria, e ha suggerito che gli incendi siano stati orchestrati per danneggiare l’immagine dell’industria dell’olio di palma in Indonesia. Tuttavia, quando Greenpeace aveva visitato la zona interessata dagli incendi, lo scorso 27 ottobre, la popolazione locale aveva dichiarato agli investigatori che l’area era stata bruciata due volte: una pratica illegale ma molto comune per preparare il suolo per la palma da olio. «La polizia sta ancora indagando su quanto successo in quest’area per determinare se ha avuto luogo un reato. Eppure qualcuno sta già sfruttando la devastazione causata dagli incendi per piantare palma da olio. A chi appartiene davvero questa terra? Gli incendi sono stati appiccati dolosamente? Non lo sapremo finché il governo non pubblicherà le mappe delle concessioni e prenderà seri provvedimenti nei confronti di chi vorrebbe lucrare su questa emergenza ambientale e sanitaria», conclude Borghi.

Long tail monkeys rest in a tree where the air is engulfed with thick haze at a bank of Kapuas river in Kapuas district, Central Kalimantan province, Borneo island, Indonesia.

Long tail monkeys rest in a tree where the air is engulfed with thick haze at a bank of Kapuas river in Kapuas district, Central Kalimantan province, Borneo island, Indonesia.

Fires at the peatland in the district of Kapuas in the Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia. Peatland soils store a massive amount of carbon. When peatlands are cleared and drained for plantations, they degrade and the carbon they store starts to release into the atmosphere as CO2 emissions. If peat soils catch fire, they can smoulder away below the soil surface, which is exceedingly difficult to extinguish.

Fires at the peatland in the district of Kapuas in the Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia.
Peatland soils store a massive amount of carbon. When peatlands are cleared and drained for plantations, they degrade and the carbon they store starts to release into the atmosphere as CO2 emissions. If peat soils catch fire, they can smoulder away below the soil surface, which is exceedingly difficult to extinguish.

A group of children playing outdoors without wearing any protection while the air is engulfed with thick haze from the forest fires at Sei Ahass village, Kapuas district in Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia. These fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems, and weakening newborn babies.

A group of children playing outdoors without wearing any protection while the air is engulfed with thick haze from the forest fires at Sei Ahass village, Kapuas district in Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia.
These fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems, and weakening newborn babies.

Ema (13) holds her brother Ading (7 months old) who suffers from respiratory tract infections at Sei Ahass village, Kapuas district, Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia. Forest fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems, and weakening newborn babies.

Ema (13) holds her brother Ading (7 months old) who suffers from respiratory tract infections at Sei Ahass village, Kapuas district, Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia.
Forest fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems, and weakening newborn babies.

Forest fires adjacent to a house in Kapuas district, Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia. Forest fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems, and weakening newborn babies.

Forest fires adjacent to a house in Kapuas district, Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia.
Forest fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems, and weakening newborn babies.

Fires at the peatland in the district of Kapuas in the Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia. Peatland soils store a massive amount of carbon. When peatlands are cleared and drained for plantations, they degrade and the carbon they store starts to release into the atmosphere as CO2 emissions. If peat soils catch fire, they can smoulder away below the soil surface, which is exceedingly difficult to extinguish.

Fires at the peatland in the district of Kapuas in the Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island, Indonesia.
Peatland soils store a massive amount of carbon. When peatlands are cleared and drained for plantations, they degrade and the carbon they store starts to release into the atmosphere as CO2 emissions. If peat soils catch fire, they can smoulder away below the soil surface, which is exceedingly difficult to extinguish.

Indonesian police designates a crime scene: Burned peatland and forest remains, planted with oil palm seedlings, near the Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Sanctuary west of Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The most recent public maps, several years old, do not indicate that any oil palm concession has been granted in this area. Unless government ensures that all company land tenure is available for public scrutiny, those profiting from fires cannot be held accountable.

Indonesian police designates a crime scene: Burned peatland and forest remains, planted with oil palm seedlings, near the Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Sanctuary west of Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The most recent public maps, several years old, do not indicate that any oil palm concession has been granted in this area. Unless government ensures that all company land tenure is available for public scrutiny, those profiting from fires cannot be held accountable.

Burned peatland and forest remains, planted with oil palm seedlings, near the Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Sanctuary west of Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The most recent public maps, several years old, do not indicate that any oil palm concession has been granted in this area. Unless government ensures that all company land tenure is available for public scrutiny, those profiting from fires cannot be held accountable.

Burned peatland and forest remains, planted with oil palm seedlings, near the Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Sanctuary west of Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The most recent public maps, several years old, do not indicate that any oil palm concession has been granted in this area. Unless government ensures that all company land tenure is available for public scrutiny, those profiting from fires cannot be held accountable.

Orangutan on the banks of the Rungan river in Central Kalimantan province. Fires raged in critical orangutan habitat in October, including here on the edges of the Nyaru Menteng orangutan sanctuary.

Orangutan on the banks of the Rungan river in Central Kalimantan province. Fires raged in critical orangutan habitat in October, including here on the edges of the Nyaru Menteng orangutan sanctuary.

Orangutan on the banks of the Rungan river in Central Kalimantan province. Fires raged in critical orangutan habitat in October, including here on the edges of the Nyaru Menteng orangutan sanctuary.

Orangutan on the banks of the Rungan river in Central Kalimantan province. Fires raged in critical orangutan habitat in October, including here on the edges of the Nyaru Menteng orangutan sanctuary.

Patients and families, who suffer from respiratory tract infections, at Doris Sylvanus hospital in Palangka Raya. Greenpeace urges Indonesian government to stop the current forests and peatlands destruction. The fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires weakens newborn babies and kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems.

Patients and families, who suffer from respiratory tract infections, at Doris Sylvanus hospital in Palangka Raya. Greenpeace urges Indonesian government to stop the current forests and peatlands destruction. The fires are a threat to the health of millions. Smoke from landscape fires weakens newborn babies and kills an estimated 110,000 people every year across Southeast Asia, mostly as a result of heart and lung problems.


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